Over recent decades there has been much discussion about the cultural protocols associated with the collection of biocultural knowledge and how this knowledge should be used. The published literature listed below has been collated to serve as a toolkit of current leading practices being implemented by researchers in collaboration with Aboriginal individuals and institutions. It is important for researchers to understand the concepts of informed consent and the Intellectual property of Aboriginal peoples knowledge. If you would like more information on the articles below please contact the authors of these publications.
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Alexander, C., N. Bynum, E. Johnson, U. King, T. Mulstonen, P. Neofotis, N. Oettle, C. Rosenzweig, C. Sakakibara, V. Shadrin, M. Vicarelli, J. Waterhouse and B. Weeks (2011). Linking Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge of Climate Change. Bioscience 61(6): 477-484.
Altman, J. C. (2004). Economic development and Indigenous Australia: contestations over property, institutions and ideology. The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 48(3): 513-534.
Altman, J. C. (2009). Beyond Closing the Gap: Valuing Diversity in Indigenous Australia. Canberra, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Working Paper No. 54/2009.
Altman, J. C. and M. Cochrane (2003). Innovative institutional design for sustainable wildlife management in the Indigenous-owned savanna. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper Canberra, CAEPR ANU.
Altman, J. C. and P. J. Whitehead (2003). Caring for country and sustainable Indigenous development: Opportunities, constraints and innovation. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Working Paper No. 20/2003. Canberra, CAEPR, ANU.
Arbon, V. (2008). Arlathirnda Ngurkarnda Ityirnda Being-Knowing-Doing De-Colonising Indigenous Tertiary Education. Teneriffe, Australia, Post Press.
Australia Institute (2000). Resourcing Indigenous Development and Self-Determination. A Scoping Paper. Canberra, ATSIC National Policy Office, Strategic Development Team.
Australian Government (2004). Guidelines for Indigenous Participation in Natural Resource Management. Canberra, Natural Heritage Trust, Australian Government.
Baker, L., E. Richards, B. Tjikadu, N. Winmati, P. Kanari, T. Kura Kura, A. Wongi, A. Wilson, B. Wilson, M. Natjuna and R. Connelly (1990). Tjunguringkula waarkaripai: working together. Wildlife Australia 27(1): 24-27.
Baker, L. M. and B. J. Nesbitt (1996). The role of Aboriginal ecological knowledge in the Horn expedition and contemporary ecological research. Proceedings of the Horn Expedition Commemorative Symposium, Chipping Norton, NSW, Surrey Beatty and Sons.
Baker, R., J. Davies and E. Young (2001). Working on Country: Listening, Sharing, and Providing Practical Support. In: Working on Country Contemporary Indigenous Management of Australia’s Lands and Coastal Regions. R. Baker, J. Davies and E. Young (Editors). Melbourne, Oxford University Press: 337-345.
Barbour, W. and C. Schlesinger (2012). Who’s the boss? Post-colonialism, ecological research and conservation management on Australian Indigenous lands. Ecological Management and Restoration 13(1): 36-41.
Basedow, H. (1926). How Should the Visiting Scientist Approach the Primitive Australian Aboriginal?’ Practical Hints to Scientific Travellers 4: 96-103.
Bauman, T. (2006). Final Report of the Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project July 2003-June 2006: Research Findings, Recommendations and Implications Report #6. Canberra, Native Title Research Unit, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.
Bauman, T. (2007). ‘You Mob all Agree?’ The Chronic Emergency of Culturally Competent Engaged Indigenous Problem Solving. Indigenous Law Bulletin 6(29): 13-15.
Bauman, T. and D. M. Smyth (2007). Indigenous Partnerships in Protected Area Management in Australia: Three case studies. Canberra, Australia, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.
Behrendt, L. (2007). A research-based policy approach to working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
Berkes, F., J. Colding and C. Folke (2000). Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management. Ecological Applications 10(5): 1251-1261.
Berlin, B. and P. F. Stevens (1994). Ethnobiological Classification: Principles of Categorization of Plants and Animals in Traditional Societies. Systematic Biology 43(2): 293-295.
Bidwell, N. J., P. Standley, T. George and V. Stephensen (2008). The Landscape’s Apprentice: Lessons for Place-Centred Design from Grounding Documentary. Designing Interactive Systems Proceedings of the Seventh ACM conference. Cape Town, Association for Computer Machinery: 88-98.
Bird, D. and R. Bird, (Eds.) (2009). Competing to be leaderless: food sharing and magnanimity among Martu Aborigines. The evolution of leadership: transitions in decision making from small-scale to middle-range societies. Sante Fe, SAR.
Browning, D., N. J. Bidwell, D. Hardy and P. Standley (2008). Rural encounters: cultural translations through video. Proceedings of the 20th Australasian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction: Designing for Habitus and Habitat, Cairns, Association for Computer Machinery.
Burgess, C., H. Berry, W. Gunthorpe and R. Bailie (2008). Development and preliminary validation of the ‘Caring for Country’ questionnaire: measurement of an Indigenous Australian health determinant. International Journal for Equity in Health 7(1): 26.
Burrow, N. (2003). Using and sharing Indigenous knowledge. In: Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues. Cary, G., D. Lindenmayer and S. Dovers (Editors). Melbourne, CSIRO 205-210.
Carmenta, R., L. Parry, A. Blackburn, S. Vermeylen and J. Barlow (2011). Understanding Human-Fire Interactions in Tropical Forest Regions: a Case for Interdisciplinary Research across the Natural and Social Sciences. Ecology and Society 16(1).
Carter, J. (2010). Protocols, particularities, and problematising Indigenous ‘engagement’ in community-based environmental management in settled Australia. Geographical Journal 176: 199-213.
Carter, J., D. Claudie and N. Smith (2006). An indigenous role in partnerships for sustainable homelands occupation in Australia. Sustainable Development 14(3): 162-176.
Carter, J. L. (2001). Collaborative ecological research with Indigenous Australians: the trepang project. Darwin, Northern Territory University.
Carter, J. L. (2008). Thinking outside the framework: equitable research partnerships for environmental research in Australia. Geographical Journal 174: 63-75.
Chaskin, R. J. (2001). Building community capacity. A definitional framework for case studies from a comprehensive community initiative. Urban Affairs Review 36(3): 291-323.
Christie, M. (2006). Boundaries and accountabilities in computer-assisted ethnobotany. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning 1(3): 285-296.
Christie, M. (2006). Transdisciplinary research and Aboriginal knowledge. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education 35: 78-98.
Christie, M. (2007). Knowledge management and natural resource management. Investing in Indigenous natural resource management. M. K. Luckert, B. M. Campbell, J. T. Gorman and S. T. Garnett. Darwin, Charles Darwin University Press.
Christie, M. J. (1991). Aboriginal science for the ecologically sustainable future. Australian Science Teachers Journal 37(1): 26-31.
Collard, L. and S. Harben (2010). Which Knowledge Path Will We Travel? Studies in Western Australian History (26): 75.
Coombs, H. C. (1978). Kulinma, Listening to Aboriginal Australians, Australian National University Press Canberra.
Cullen, L. C., J. R. A. Butler, R. Hill and C. R. Margules (2008). Framework for the Identification of Linked Cultural and Biophysical Indicators for the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability. 4: 37-46.
Cullen-Unsworth, L. C., R. Hill, J. R. A. Butler and M. Wallace (2012). A research process for integrating Indigenous and scientific knowledge in cultural landscapes: Principles and determinants of success in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Australia. The Geographical Journal 178(4): 351-365
Cunningham, A. B., S. Garnett, J. Gorman, K. Courtney and D. Boehme (2008). Eco-enterprises and Terminalia ferdinandiana: best laid plans and Australian policy lessons. Economic Botany 63(1): 16-28.
Davies, J. (2001). Changing People: Experiences from teaching and learning about Indigenous issues in environmental management. ‘The Power of Knowledge, the Resonance of Tradition’. Electronic publication of papers from the AIATSIS Indigenous Studies conference, September 2001.
Davies, J. (2003). Contemporary Geographies of Indigenous Rights and Interests in Rural Australia. Australian Geographer 34(1): 19-45.
Davies, J. (2005). Challenges for sustainability in indigenous wildlife management. Old Ways, New Ways: Wildlife Management in Northern Australia. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Australasian Wildlife Management Society. Darwin, Charles Darwin University: 25-41.
Davies, J. (2007). Environmental co-management. In: Working with Indigenous communities. Canberra, Prepared for Ninti One for use in Australian Government Department of Industry Tourism and Resources, Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program for the Mining Industry.
Davies, J. (2007). Walking together, working together: Aboriginal research partnerships. Desert Knowledge CRC Report 26. Alice Springs, Desert Knowledge CRC 122pp.
Davies, J., D. Campbell, M. Campbell, J. Douglas, H. Hueneke, M. LaFlamme, D. Pearson, K. Preuss, J. Walker and F. Walsh (2011). Attention to four key principles can promote health outcomes from desert Aboriginal land management. Rangeland Journal 33(4): 417-431.
Davies, J., R. Hill, F. Walsh, M. Sandford, D. Smyth and M. Holmes (2013). Innovation in Management Plans for Community Conserved Areas: Experiences from Australian Indigenous Protected Areas. Ecology and Society 18(2).
Davies, J. and S. Holcombe (2009). Desert knowledge: integrating knowledge and development in arid and semi-arid drylands. GeoJournal 74(5): 363-375.
Davies, J., D. A. Thomsen, K. Muir and Y. Lester (2004). They should come and talk: Aboriginal perspectives on commercial kangaroo harvest in South Australia. The University of Adelaide, AIATSIS Project G2002_6724.
Davies, J., J. White, A. Wright, Y. Maru and M. La Flamme (2008). Applying the sustainable livelihoods approach in Australian desert Aboriginal development. The Rangeland Journal 30(1): 55-65.
Davis, J. (2003). Indigenous land management. Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues. D. L. S. D. G. Cary. Collingwood, Vic, CSIRO Publishing.
Davis, M. (2009). Handbook for Working with Indigenous Ecological Knowledge & Intellectual Property. Canberra, Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning University of Technology , National Centre for Indigenous Studies Australian National University and Terri Janke and Company Pty Ltd
De Lacy, T. (1994). The ulu ru/kakadu model—an angu tjukurrpa. 50,000 years of aboriginal law and land management changing the concept of national parks in Australia. Society & Natural Resources 7(5): 479-498.
Department for Environment and Heritage (2006). Aboriginal Heritage Handbook and Strategy. Adelaide, Department for Environment and Heritage, Government of South Australia.
Desert Knowledge Cooperative Research Centre (2008). Desert Knowledge CRC Protocol for Aboriginal Knowledge and Intellectual Property.
Desert Knowledge Cooperative Research Centre. (2008). Protocol for Aboriginal Knowledge and Intellectual Property. Alice Springs, Desert Knowledge CRC.
Dockery, A. M. (2010). Culture and wellbeing: The case of Indigenous Australians. Social Indicators Research 99: 315-332.
Dodson, M. and D. E. Smith (2003). Governance for sustainable development:Strategic issues and principles for Indigenous Australian communities. Canberra, Discussion Paper 250, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy, ANU: 25.
Douglas, J. (2010). Learning from Country: the value of Indigenous Language and Culture programs in remote schools for community engagement and natural resource management. Ninti One Research Report 69. Alice Springs, Ninti One Ltd: 51.
Duff, G., D. Garnett, P. Jacklyn, J. Landsberg, J. Ludwig, J. Morrison, P. Novelly, D. Walker and P. Whitehead (2008). A collaborative design to adaptively manage for landscape sustainability in north Australia: lessons from a decade of cooperative research. Landscape Ecology 24: 1135-1143
English, A. and L. Baker (2003). Aboriginal Community Involvement in Threatened Species Recovery Planning.
Ens, E. (2012). Conducting two-way ecological research. In: People on Country, Vital landscapes, Indigenous futures. J. Altman and S. Kerins (Editors). Sydney, Federation Press: 45-64.
Fabricius, C., C. Folke, G. Cundill and L. Schultz (2007). Powerless Spectators, Coping Actors, and Adaptive Co-managers: a Synthesis of the Role of Communities in Ecosystem Management. Ecology and Society 12(1): 29
FaHCSIA (2011). Engaging Today, Building Tomorrow: A Framework for Engaging with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Six Fact Sheets. Canberra, Department of Families, Housing, Community Services & Indigenous Affairs.
Finlayson, C. M. (1999). International instruments for involving indigenous people and local communities in wetland management: the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Global Biodiversity Forum 13. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Finlayson, C. M. (1999). The Ramsar Convention and local community involvement in wetland management. . Aboriginal use and management of wetlands, Batchelor, NT.
Finlayson, C. M., L. Thurtell, M. J. Storrs, R. Applegate, P. Barrow and P. Wellings (1998). Local communities and wetland management in the Australian wet-dry tropics. In: Wetlands in a Dry Land: Understanding for Management, Environment Australia. W. D. Williams (Editors). Canberra, Biodiversity Group: 299-311.
Finlayson, J. (2007). Maps to Success. Successful strategies in Indigenous organisations. Canberra, Australian Collaboration and Australian Institute of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Studies.
Finn, M. and S. Jackson (2011). Protecting Indigenous values in water management: a challenge to conventional environmental flow assessments. Ecosystems 14(8): 1232-1248.
Fitzsimons, J., J. Russell-Smith, G. James, T. Vigilante, G. Lipsett-Moore, J. Morrison and M. Looker (2012). Insights into the biodiversity and social benchmarking components of the Northern Australian fire management and carbon abatement programmes. Ecological Management & Restoration 13(1): 51-57.
Fletcher, C. (2009). Indigenous Knowledge: Caring for Culture and Country. Key Forum Report 2008. Darwin, Yothu Yindi Foundation and the Charles Darwin University.
Fuary, M. (2009). An evaluation of previous and current methods and models for researching Indigenous resource use and purposes, with recommendations for best practice research solutions, Reef and Rainforest Research Centre on behalf of the Australian Government’s Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility.
Gabriel, J. A. (2007). Cooperative Conservation: Beyond the Rhetoric. A report highlighting International Best Practice recommendations for World Heritage Protected Areas: Identifying ‘best practice’ solutions that could be applied in the Wet Tropics. Report to the Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility. Cairns, Reef and Rainforest Research Centre.
Garnett, S. T., M. K. Luckert, et al. (2007). Problems and promise in supporting Indigenous natural resource management. In: Investing in indigenous natural resource management. M. K. Luckert, B. M. Campbell, J. T. Gorman and S. T. Garnett (Editors). Darwin, Charles Darwin University Press: 96-107.
Gerrard, E. (2008). Impacts and opportunities of climate change: Indigenous participation in environmental markets. Land, Rights, Law: issues of Native Title 3(Issue Paper No. 13).
Gibbs, L. (2009). Water Places: Cultural, Social and More-Than-Human Geographies of Nature. Scottish Geographical Journal 125(3-4): 361-369.
Gibbs, M. (2001). Towards a Strategy for Undertaking Cross-Cultural Collaborative Research. Society and Natural Resource 14(8): 673-687.
Gilfillan, A. (2011). Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) Program. Lake Eyre Basin 2011 Ministers’ Report to the Community. Ministers for the Lake Eyre Basin. Alice Springs, Lake Eyre Basin Ministerial Forum.
Godden, L. (2012). Native Title and Ecology: Agreement-making in an Era of Market Environmentalism. In: Country, Native Title and Ecology. J. Weir (Editor). Canberra, Australian National University e-press and Aboriginal History Incorporated (Monograph 24): 105-134.
Gorman, J., D. Pearson and P. Whitehead (2008). Assisting Australian indigenous resource management and sustainable utilization of species through the use of GIS and environmental modelling techniques. Journal of Environmental Management 86(1): 104-113.
Gratani, M., J. R. Butler F. Royee, P. Valentine, D. Burrows, W. Canendo and A. S. Anderson (2011). Is validation of indigenous ecological knowledge a disrespectful process? A case study of traditional fishing poisons and invasive fish management from the wet tropics, Australia. Ecology and Society 16(3): 25.
Harvey, B. and S. McGinty (1988). Learning My Way. Papers from the National Conference on Adult Aboriginal Learning (Perth, Western Australia, September 1988). A Special Edition of Wikaru 16, ERIC.
Head, L. and R. Fullagar (1991). ‘We all la one land’: pastoral excisions and Aboriginal resource use. Australian Aboriginal Studies 1: 39.
Hibbard, M. and S. Lurie (2012). Creating socio-economic measures for community-based natural resource management: a case from watershed stewardship organisations. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 55(4): 525-544.
Hill, R. (2003). Frameworks to support Indigenous managers: the key to fire futures. Australia Burning Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues. G. Cary, D. Lindenmayer and S. Dovers. Canberra, CSIRO Publishing: 175-186.
Hill, R. (2006). The effectiveness of agreements and protocols to bridge between Indigenous and non-Indigenous tool-boxes for protected area management: A case study from the Wet Tropics of Queensland. Society and Natural Resources 19(7): 577-590.
Hill, R., L. C. Cullen-Unsworth, L. Talbot and S. McIntyre (2011). Empowering Indigenous peoples’ biocultural diversity through world heritage cultural landscapes: A case study from the Australian tropical forests. International Journal of Heritage Studies 17(6): 571-590.
Hill, R., C. Grant, M. George, C. J. Robinson, S. Jackson and N. Abel (2012). A typology of Indigenous engagement in Australian environmental management: Implications for knowledge integration and social-ecological system sustainability. Ecology and Society 17(1): 23.
Hill, R., F. Walsh, J. Davies and M. Sandford (2011). Our Country Our Way: Guidelines for Australian Indigenous Protected Area Management Plans. Cairns, Australian Government, CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences and Department of Sustainability, Water, Environment, Population and Communities.
Holcombe, S. (2009). Guidelines for Indigenous Ecological Knowledge Management (including archiving and repatriation). Canberra, National Centre for Indigenous Studies Australian National University, Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning University of Technology Sydney and Terri Janke and Company Pty Ltd
Holcombe, S. and N. Gould (2010). A preliminary review of ethics resources, with particular focus on those available online from Indigenous organisations in WA, Nt and Qld. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2: 107-125.
Holcombe, S., P. Yates and F. Walsh (2011). Reinforcing alternative economies: self-motivated work by central Anmatyerr people to sell Katyerr (Desert raisin, Bush tomato) in central Australia. Rangeland Journal 33(3): 255-265.
Holden, A. (undated). Critical Success Factors in Strengthening or Establishing Aboriginal Organisations to Deliver Local Services. Brisbane, ImpaxSIA Consuslting.
Holmes, J. (2011). Land Tenures as Policy Instruments: Transitions on Cape York Peninsula. Geographical Research 49(2): 217-233.
Hoogenraad, R. and G. J. Robertson (1997). Seasonal calendars from central Australia. Windows on Meteorology. Australian Perspective: 34-41.
Horstman, M. and G. Wightman (2001). Karparti ecology: Recognition of Aboriginal ecological knowledge and its application to management in north-western Australia. Ecological Management & Restoration 2(2): 99-109.
House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs (2007). Indigenous Australians at work: Successful initiatives in Indigenous employment. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia, House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs.
Howitt, R. (2010). Sustainable indigenous futures in remote Indigenous areas: relationships, processes and failed state approaches. GeoJournal: 1-12.
Howitt, R., O. Havnen and S. Veland (2012). Natural and Unnatural Disasters: Responding with Respect for Indigenous Rights and Knowledges. Geographical Research 50(1): 47-59.
Howitt, R. and S. Suchet-Pearson (2006). Rethinking the building blocks: Ontological pluralism and the idea of management. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 88(3): 323-335.
Hunt, J. and D. E. Smith (2007). Indigenous Community Governance Project: Year Two Research Findings. Canberra, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University.
Huntington, H. P. (2000). Using traditional ecological knowledge in science: methods and applications. Ecological Applications 10(5): 1270-1274.
Inovact Consulting (2011). Community Skills, Knowledge and Engagement in Regional Natural Resource Management National Staff and Stakeholder Survey Report. Canberra, Inovact Consulting Pty Ltd.
Inovact Consulting (2011). Community Skills, Knowledge and Engagement in Regional Natural Resource Management: Case Studies of Organisational Performance. Canberra, Inovact Consulting Pty Ltd.
Inovact Consulting (2011). Community Skills, Knowledge and Engagement in Regional NRM: Drivers of Performance & Developing Australian Government Investment Strategy. Canberra, Inovact Consulting Pty Ltd.
Ivory, B. (2008). Indigenous leaders and leadership: agents of networked governance. Contested Governance. Culture, power and institutions in Indigenous Australia. . J. Hunt, D. Smith, S. Garling and W. Sanders. Canberra, Research Monograph No. 29, Australian National University: 233-264.
Izurieta, A., B. Sithole, N. Stacey, H. Hunter-Xunie, B. Campbell, P. Donohoe, J. Brown and L. Wilson (2011). Developing Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluating Joint Management Effectiveness in Protected Areas in the Northern Territory, Australia. Ecology and Society 16(3).
Izurieta, A., N. Stacey and J. Karam (2011). Guidebook for Supporting Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation of Jointly Managed Parks in the Northern Australia. Darwin, Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University.
Jackomos, A. and D. Fowell (1991). Living Aboriginal history of Victoria: stories in the oral tradition, Cambridge University Press.
Jackson, S. (2006). Compartmentalising culture: the articulation and consideration of Indigenous values in water resource management. Australian Geographer 37(1): 19-31.
Jaireth, H. and D. Smyth, (Eds.) (2003). Innovative governance: indigenous peoples, local communities, and protected areas. New Delhi, Ane Books.
Janke, T. (2009). Report on the Current Status of Indigenous Intellectual Property. Canberra, Terri Janke and Company Pty Ltd, National Centre for Indigenous Studies Australian National University and Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning University of Technology Sydney.
Janke, T. (2009). Writing up Indigenous Research: authorship, copyright and Indigenous knowledge systems, Terri Janke Sydney.
Kalotas, A. C. (1993). Recording and applying Aboriginal botanical knowledge in Western Australia: some recent examples and future prospects. Traditional ecological knowledge: wisdom for sustainable development. N. M. Williams and G. Baines. Canberra, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University: 176-185.
Kearney, A., J. Bradley, H. Koch and L. Hercus (2009). Manankurra: What’s in a name. Place names and emotional geographies. Aboriginal place names old and new: Discovering, interpreting and restoring indigenous nomenclature for the Australian landscape: 463-479.
Kingsley, J., R. Phillips, M. Townsend and C. Henderson-Wilson (2010). Using a qualitative approach to research to build trust between a non-Aboriginal researcher and Aboriginal participants (Australia). Qualitative Research Journal 10(1): 2-12.
Kingsley, J., M. Townsend, R. Phillips and D. Aldous (2009). If the land is healthy … it makes the people healthy: The relationship between caring for Country and health for the Yorta Yorta Nation, Boonwurrung and Bangerang Tribes. Health & Place 15(1): 291-299.
Kwan, D., H. Marsh and S. Delean (2006). Factors influencing the sustainability of customary dugong hunting by a remote Indigenous community. Environmental Conservation 33(2): 164-171.
LaFlamme, M. (2011). A framework for sustainable rangeland livelihoods. The Rangeland Journal 33(4): 339-351.
Lambin, E. F. (2005). Conditions for sustainability of human-environment systems: Information, motivation, and capacity. Global Environmental Change 15(3): 177-180.
Lane, M. B. (2006). The role of planning in achieving indigenous land justice and community goals. Land Use Policy 23(4): 385-394.
Lane, M. B. and M. Hibbard (2005). Doing It for Themselves: Transformative Planning by Indigenous Peoples. Journal of Planning Education and Research 25: 172-184.
Langton, M., E. Epworth, et al. (2001). Indigenous Social, Economic and Cultural Issues in Land, Water and Biodiversity Conservation. A Scoping Study for WWF. Darwin, Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management, Northern Territory University.
Langton, M. and Z. M. Rhea (2005). Traditional Indigenous Biodiversity-related Knowledge. Australian Academic & Research Libraries 36(2): 45-69.
Larsen, L. and S. Pannell, (Eds.) (2006). Developing the Wet Tropics Aboriginal Cultural and Natural Resource Management Plan. Cairns, Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management.
Larson, S., T. G. Measham and L. J. Williams (2010). Remotely engaged? Towards a framework for monitoring the success of stakeholder engagement in remote regions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 53(7): 827-845.
Leftwich, L., C. Lupton and B. Ellwood (2008). Which Way? Bama and Murri Way. A Guide to Recording Bama and Murri Culture, History and Place. Cairns, James Cook University.
Leys, A. J. and J. K. Vanclay (2011). Social learning: A knowledge and capacity building approach for adaptive co-management of contested landscapes. Land Use Policy 28(3): 574-584.
Lloyd, D., P. Van Nimwegen and W. E. Boyd (2005). Letting Indigenous People Talk About Their Country: a Case Study of Cross-Cultural (Mis)communication in an Environmental Management Planning Process. Geographical Research 43(4): 406-416.
Martin, G. J. (1995). Ethnobotany: a methods manual. London, Chapman & Hall.
Martin, K. (2006). Please Knock Before You Enter: An Investigation of how Rainforest Aboriginal People regulate outsiders and the implications for Western research and researchers. Townsville, James Cook University.
Maru, Y. and J. Davies (2011). Supporting cross-cultural brokers is essential for employment among Aboriginal people in remote Australia. The Rangeland Journal 33(4): 327-338.
McCaul, J. (2005). A planned cultural economy for Cape York. Ecos 126(Aug-Sep): 21-23.
McGinty, S. (2012). Engaging Indigenous Knowledge(s) In Research And Practice. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies 12(1).
McIntyre-Tamwoy, S. (2004). Social value, the Cultural Component in Natural Resource Management. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 11(4): 289-299.
Measham, T., R. Baker, M. Keen, V. Brown and R. Dyball (2005). Combining people, place and learning. Social learning in environmental management: Towards a sustainable future: 91-103.
Measham, T. G., L. Brake, C. J. Robinson, S. Larson, C. Richards and T. F Smith (2011). NRM engagement between remote dryland communities and government agencies: Success factors from Australia. Journal of Arid Environments 75(10): 968-973.
Measham, T. G., C. Richards, C. J. Robinson, S. Larson and L. Brake (2011). Genuine Community Engagement in Remote Dryland Regions: Natural Resource Management in Lake Eyre Basin. Geographical Research 49(2): 171-182.
Merlan, F. (2005). Explorations towards Intercultural Accounts of Socio-cultural Reproduction and Changes. Oceania 75(3): 167-182.
Merne Altyerre-ipenhe (Food from the Creation time) Reference Group, J. Douglas, et al. (2011). Aboriginal people, bush foods knowledge and products from central Australia: Ethical guidelines for commercial bush food research, industry and enterprises. Alice Springs, Ninti One Limited, Desert Knowledge CRC Report Number 71.
Mgbeoji, I. (2006). Global biopiracy: patents, plants, and indigenous knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell University Press.
Miller, P. (2002). Metamorphosis: Travel narratives and aboriginal/non‐aboriginal relations in the 1930s. Journal of Australian Studies 26(75): 85-92.
MLDRIN and Murray-Darling Basin Commission (2006). Memorundum of Understanding between MLDRIN and Murray-Darling Basin in respect of a framework for the participation of the Murray Lower Darling Rivers Indigenous Nations in the management of the natural resources of the Murray and Darling River valleys below the Menindee Lakes Storage. Online: http://www.atns.net.au/objects/QHTKCGIRJER/MLDRIN%20and%20MDBC%20MoU%202006.pdf.
Moon, E. and B. Low (2007). Feasibility study/desktop assessment of a Carbon Offset project in the Hermannsburg area, Low Ecological Services.
Moore, S. A., R. C. Severn and R. Millar (2006). A conceptual model of community capacity for biodiversity conservation outcomes. Geographical Research 44(4): 361-371.
Moritz, C., E. Ens, S. Potter and R. Catullo (2013). The Australian monsoonal tropics: A unique opportunity to secure biodiversity benefits and secure benefits for Aboriginal communities. Pacific Conservation Biology 19: 343-355
Morphy, F. (2008). Redefining viability: Aboriginal homelands communities in north-east Arnhem Land. Australian Journal of Social Issues 43(3): 381-396.
Morse, J. and T. Janke and Company (2010). Know your rights to your Aboriginal plant knowledge: a guide for Aboriginal knowledge holders on recording and commercialising Aboriginal plant knowledge. Darwin, Aboriginal Bush Traders.
Moylan, E., S. Brown and C. Kelly (2009). Toward a Cultural Landscape Atlas: Representing all the Landscape as Cultural. International Journal of Heritage Studies 15(5): 447 – 466.
Muller, S. (2008). Accountability Constructions, Contestations and Implications: Insights from Working in a Yolngu Cross-Cultural Institution, Australia. Geography Compass 2(2): 395-413.
Muller, S. (2008). Indigenous payment for environmental service (PES) opportunities in the Northern Territory: negotiating with customs. Australian Geographer 39(2): 149-170.
Natural Heritage Trust (2004a). Working with Indigenous Knowledge in Natural Resource Management – Ways to Improve Community Engagement. Canberra, Natural Heritage Trust.
Natural Heritage Trust (2004b). Working with Indigenous Knowledge in Natural Resource Management – Guidelines for Regional Bodies. Canberra, Natural Heritage Trust.
Natural Heritage Trust (2004c). Working with Indigenous Knowledge in Natural Resource Management – Recommendations for Commonwealth Agencies. Canberra, Natural Heritage Trust.
NH&MRC (2003). Values and ethics: Guidelines for ethical conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research. National Health and Medical Research Council. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.
Nolan, J. and A. Pieroni (2013). Recollections, reflections, and revelations: ethnobiologists and their First Time in the field. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9: 12.
Northern Australia Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (2007). NAILSMA Guidelines and Protocols for the Conduct of Research.
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