Review Papers


The information presented on this page has been collated to act as a reference point for researches and aboriginal communities to understand more about biocultural knowledge.  There is a wealth of published literature and reports that review and compare the collection of bio-cultural knowledge across Australia.  The list below is by no means a complete list of all publications but it does present some of the key discussion both historic and contemporary that have helped Aboriginal biocultural knowledge be recognised as an important resource in managing the Australian Landscape.

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A | B | C | D–F | G | H | I–K | L | M | N–P | R | S | T | V–Y

Aboriginal People of Jumbun and H. Pedley (1997). Aboriginal Tools of the Rainforest, Jumbun and H Pedley.

Adams, M. (2004). Negotiating nature: collaboration and conflict between Aboriginal and conservation interests in New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Environmental Education 20(1): 3-12.

Akerman, K. (1988). A brief resume of ethnobotany in Australia. Workshop on Ethnobotany ‘The human dimension in the Great Forest of Tane’, Botany Division, NZ Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Rehua Maroe, Christchurch.

Altman, J., G. Buchanan and L. Larsen (2007). The environmental significance of the Indigenous estate: natural resource management as economic development in remote Australia. CAEPR Discussion Paper No. 286/2007. Canberra, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ANU.

Andrews, M. and G. Wightman (199?). Bush tucker plants traditionally used for medicine by Aboriginal people of the Top End, Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, Darwin NT.

Anonymous (1850). Botanical researches in southern districts of Australia (from Melbourne Argus). South Australian Register Adelaide: 4.

Appleyard, S., K. Macintyre and B. Dobson (2001). Protecting Living Water: involving Western Australian Aboriginal communities in the management of groundwater quality issues.

Auditor-General (2011). Indigenous Protected Areas. Audit Report NO. 14 2011-12 Performance Audit Canberra, Australian National Audit Office.

Australian Government (2008). Caring for our Country Business Plan 2009-2010. Canberra, Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

Australian Government (2008). Caring for our Country Outcomes 2008-2013. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia.

Australian Government (2011). Caring for our Country review. The Story So Far. Consultation summary report. Canberra, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

Australian Government (2011). The Review of Caring for our Country: Australia’s Natural Resource Management Investment Initiative. Discussion Paper. Canberra, Australian Government Lands and Coasts Caring for our Country Review Team.

Australian Government Lands and Coasts Caring for our Country Review Team (2012). Report on the Review of the Caring for Our Country Initiative. Canberra, Australian Government.

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Baird, W. B. (2002). Guide to the Aboriginal Ownership and Joint Management of Land in NSW. Sydney, Office of the Registrar Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 (NSW).

Baker, L., S. Woenne-Green and Mutitjulu community (1992). The role of aboriginal ecological knowledge in ecosystem management. Aboriginal involvement in parks and protected areas. Canberra, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies: 65-67.

Baker, R., J. Davies and E. Young (2001). Working on Country Contemporary Indigenous Management of Australia’s Lands and Coastal Regions. Melbourne, Oxford University Press.

Basedow, H. (1904). Anthropological notes made on the South Australian Government north-west prospecting expedition, 1903, Rigby [for the Royal Society of South Australia].

Basedow, H. (1929). Notes on the Aborigines and on the Geology of Arnhem Land. The Geographical Journal 74(6): 572-573.

Basedow, H. (1979). The Australian Aboriginal, AMS Press New York.

Bauman, T. and L. Glick (2012). The Limits of Change: Mabo and Native Title 20 Years On. Canberra, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Research Publication.

Bayly, I. A. E. (1999). Review of how indigenous people managed for water in desert regions of Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 82: 17-25.

Behrendt, J. and P. Thompson (2004). The recognition and protection of Indigenous interests in NSW rivers. Journal of Indigenous Policy 3: 37-40.

Bennett, E. M. (1993). Common and aboriginal names of Western Australian plant species, Wildflower Society of Western Australia, Eastern Hills Branch.

Bindon, P. (1996). Useful bush plants. Perth, Western Australian Museum.

Bindon, P. and T. Walley (1992). Hunters and gatherers. Landscope 8(1): 28-35.

Blackman, L. (1904). Aboriginal wooden implements of Australia; illustrative of the collection in the BPB Museum. Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 2: 173-191.

Bliege Bird, R., D. W. Bird, B. F. Codding, C. H. Parker and J. H. Jones (2008). The fire stick farming hypothesis: Australian Aboriginal foraging strategies, biodiversity and anthropogenic fire mosaics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 105(39): 14796-14801.

Bohensky, E. L. and Y. Maru (2011). Indigenous Knowledge, Science, and Resilience: What Have We Learned from a Decade of International Literature on Integration. Ecology and Society 16(4): 6.

Bomford, M. and J. Caughley (1996). Sustainable Use of Wildlife by Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islanders.

Bonney, N. (1994). Uses of Native Plants in the South East of South Australia by the Indigenous Peoples before 1839. Naracoorte, SA, Southeast Book promotions.

Bowdler, S. (1986). Recent directions in Tasmanian prehistory and the role of cultural resource management. Australian Archaeology: 1-10.

Bradley, J. (1989). What would a whitefella know…? Western Science-Indigenous Science and Marine Science. Marine Turtle Conservation and Management in Northern Australia, Northern Territory University, Darwin.

Bradley, J. (1997). We don’t burn for fun. Some views on Indigenous burning in Northern Australia. Greening News. NT, Greening Australia. Newsletter May/June/July.

Bradley, J. (2008). When a stone tool is a dingo: country and relatedness in Australian Aboriginal notions of landscape. Handbook of landscape archaeology. B. David and J. Thomas. Walnut Creek, Left Coast Creek: 633-637.

Bradley, J. J. (2011). Whitefellas Have to Learn about Country, It Is Not Just Land: How Landscape Becomes Country and Not an Imagined Place. The Place of Landscape: Concepts, Contexts, Studies: 45.

Brown, K. and E. Westerway (2011). Resilience to Environmental Change: Lessons from Human Development, Well-Being, and Disasters. The Annual Review of Environment and Resources 36(14): 14-22.

Buhmann, J. (1974). Plants utilised in some wooden implements and weapons (Queensland-Northern Territory). Unpublished manuscript, Queensland Museum.

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Campbell, D. (2011). Application of an integrated multidisciplinary economic welfare approach to improved wellbeing through Aboriginal caring for country. Rangeland Journal 33(4): 365-372.

Campbell, D., J. Davies and J. Wakerman (2007). Realising economies in the joint supply of health and environmental services in Aboriginal central Australia, Working Paper 11. Alice Springs, Desert Knowledge CRC: 33.

Campbell, T. G. (1926). Insect foods of the Aborigines. Australian Museum Magazine 2(12): 407-410.

Canning, S. and F. Thiele (2010). Indigenous cultural heritage and history within the metropolitan Melbourne investigation area Melbourne, Victorian Environmental Assessment Council.

Carr, D. J. and S. G. M. Carr (1981). People and Plants in Australia. Academic Press, Sydney.

Carter, J. and G. Hill (2007). Indigenous community-based fisheries in Australia. Journal of Environmental Management 85(4): 866-875.

Carter, J. L. and G. J. E. Hill (2007). Critiquing environmental management in indigenous Australia: two case studies. Area 39(1): 43-54.

Castree, N. and L. Head (2008). Culture, nature and landscape in the Australian region. Geoforum 39(3): 1255-1257.

Central Land Council. (2005). The way forward: National Indigenous Land and Sea Management Conference.   Retrieved 19 February, 2009, from

Chaloupka, G. (1984). Gundulk abel gundalg: Mayali flora, Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences.

Chase, A. and P. Sutton (1987). Australian Aborigines in a rich environment. Traditional Aboriginal Society: A reader, Mac Millan, Melbourne.

Christie, M. J. (1991). Aboriginal science for the ecologically sustainable future. Australian Science Teachers Journal 37(1): 26-31.

Clark, S. S. and L. C. McLoughlin (1986). Historical and biological evidence for fire regimes in the Sydney region prior to the arrival of Europeans: implications for future bushland management. The Australian Geographer 17(2): 101-112.

Clarke, P. (1988). Aboriginal use of subterranean plant parts in southern South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum 22(1): 63-76.

Clarke, P. A. (1985). Fruits and seeds as food for southern South Australian Aborigines. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 23(9): 9-22.

Clarke, P. A. (1985). The importance of roots and tubers as a food source for southern South Australian Aborigines. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 23(6): 2-12.

Clarke, P. A. (1986). Aboriginal use of plant exudates, foliage and fungi as food and water sources in southern South Australia. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 24(3): 3-18.

Clarke, P. A. (1986). Ethnobotany in southern South Australia. Conference of Museum Anthropologists, Conference of Museum Anthropologists.

Clarke, P. A. (1986). The study of ethnobotany in southern South Australia. 2: 40-47.

Clarke, P. A. (1989). Aboriginal non-plant medicines in southern South Australia and western Victoria. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 27(5): 1-10.

Clarke, P. A. (1994). Plant food. In, The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia. D. Horton. Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra: 874-876.

Clarke, P. A. (1998). Early Aboriginal plant foods in southern South Australia. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia 22: 16-20.

Clarke, P. A. (2003). Australian Ethnobotany: an overview. Australian Aboriginal Studies 2: 21-38.

Clarke, P. A. (2003). Where the ancestors walked: Australia as an Aboriginal landscape, Allen & Unwin Academic.

Clarke, P. A. (2007). Aboriginal people and their plants, Roseberg Publishing.

Clarke, P. A. (2008). Aboriginal healing practices and Australian bush medicine. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 33: 3-38.

Clarke, P. A. (2008). Aboriginal Plant Collectors: botanists and Australian aboriginal people in the nineteenth century, Rosenberg Publishing.

Clarke, P. A. (2009). Aboriginal culture and the Riverine environment. The Natural History of the Riverland and Murraylands. J. T. Jennings. Adelaide, Royal Society of South Australia.

Clarke, P. A. (2009). Australian Aboriginal ethnometeorology and seasonal calendars. History and Anthropology 20(2): 79-106.

Clarke, P. A. (2010). Economic botanists, ethnobotany and Aboriginal plant use. The Museum of Economic Botany at the Adelaide Botanic Garden. A Souvenir. K. T. Emmett Peter. Adelaide, Board of the Botanic Gardens and State Herbarium: 62-65.

Clarke, P. A. (2011). Aboriginal people and their plants. Dural, N.S.W., Rosenberg Publishing.

Clarke, P. A. (2012). Australian plants and Aboriginal tools. Dural Delivery Centre, New South Wales, Rosenberg Publishing.

Cleland, J. (1957). Australia: Ethno‐ecology. Our Natives and the Vegetation of Southern Australia. Mankind 5(4): 149-162.

Cleland, J. (1966). The ecology of the Aboriginal in south and central Australia. Aboriginal Man in South and Central Australia (ed BC Cotton). Government Printer, Adelaide: 111-158.

Cleland, J. B. (1939). Some aspects of the ecology of the aboriginal inhabitants of Tasmania and Southern Australia. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania.

Cleland, J. B. (1957). Ethno-ecology: our natives and the vegetation of southern Australia. Mankind 5(4): 149-162.

Cleland, J. B. (1962). Triodia plains, mulga thickets and firing by the natives. South Australian Naturalist 36(3): 43.

Condon, H. (1955). Aboriginal Bird Names–South Australia. The South Australian Ornithologist 2(6-7).

Cooke, P. (1999). Fire management on Aboriginal lands in the Top End of the Northern Territory, Australia. ACIAR PROCEEDINGS, ACIAR; 1998.

Coombs, H. (1978). Aboriginal nutrition and the eco-systems of Central Australia: summing up. Aboriginal Nutrition, 4: 1 4.

Coombs, H. C., J. Dargavel, J. Kesteven, H. Ross, D. I. Smith and E. Young (1990). The promise of the land: sustainable use by Aboriginal communities, Australian National University, Centre for Resource and Environment Studies.

Cotton, B. C. (1966). Aboriginal man in south and central Australia, WL Hawes, Government Printer.

Coutts, P. J. F., R. K. Frank, P. Hughes and R. L. Vanderwal (1978). Aboriginal engineers of the western district, Victoria. Records of the Victorian Archaeological Survey: 47.

Crawfurd, J. (1868). On the Vegetable and Animal Food of the Natives of Australia in Reference to Social Position, with a Comparison between the Australians and Some Other Races of Man. Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London: 112-122.

Crerar, J. M. (1998). Integrating GIS and Remote Sensing Technologies for Indigenous Resource Management in the Northern Territory of Australia. Darwin, Northern Territory University.

Cribb, A. B. and J. W. Cribb (1980). Wild Food in Australia, Collins.

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Davis, S. and E. K. Webb (1997). Documenting Aboriginal seasonal calendar. Windows on meteorology: Australian perspective. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

DEC (2003). Indigenous Ownership and Joint Management of Conservation Lands in Western Australia Consultation Paper. Perth, Government of Western Australia.

Devanesen, D. (1985). Traditional Aboriginal medicine and the bicultural approach to health care in Australia’s Northern Territory. Alcohol and Drug Use in a Changing Society: Proceedings of the 2nd National Drug Institute. Canberra: Alcohol and Drug Foundation, Australia: 33-41.

Dykes, P., L. Howarth, P. Sullivan, W. Burns, J. Chatfield, C. Brown and Ngalina (2006). Integration of Cultural Education with Native Vegetation Management. Orange, NSW.

Edwards, A., P. Hauser, M. Anderson, J. McCartney, M. Armstrong, R. Thackway, G. Allen, C. Hempel and J. Russell-Smith (2001). A tale of two parks: contemporary fire regimes of Litchfield and Nitmiluk National Parks, monsoonal northern Australia. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10(1): 79-89.

Edwards, G. and G. Allan (2009). Desert fire: Fire and regional land management in the arid landscapes of Australia. Research Report. Alice Springs, Desert Knowledge CRC.

Edwards, G. P., G. E. Allan, C. Brock, A. Duguid, K. Gabrys and P. Vaarzon-Morel (2008). Fire and its management in central Australia. The Rangeland Journal 30(1): 109-121.

Ens, E. J., M. Finlayson, K. Preuss, S. Jackson and S. Holcombe (2012). Australian approaches for managing ‘country’ using Indigenous and non-Indigenous knowledge. Ecological Management and Restoration 13(1): 100-107.

Ens, E. J. and T. McDonald (2012). Caring for country: Australian natural and cultural resource management. Ecological Management and Restoration 13(1): 1.

Eyre, E. J. (1845). Journals of expeditions of discovery into central Australia, and overland from Adelaide to King George’s Sound, in the years 1840-1: sent by the colonists of South Australia, with the sanction and support of the government: including an account of the manners and customs of the aborigines and the state of their relations with Europeans, T. and W. Boone.

Feary, S., P. Kanowski, J. Altman and R. Baker (2010). Managing forest country: Aboriginal Australians and the forest sector. Australian Forestry 73(2): 126-134.

Flannery, T. (2002). The Life and Adventures of William Buckley, Text Publishing.

Frankel, D. (1982). An account of Aboriginal use of the yam-daisy. The Artefact 7(1-2): 43-45.

Franklin, D. C., A. M. Petty, G. J. Williamson, B. W. Brook and D. M. J. S. Bowman (2008). Monitoring contrasting land management in the savanna landscapes of northern Australia. Environmental Management 41(4): 501-515.

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Gambold, N. (2002). The role of traditional ecological knowledge and skills in ‘modern’ Aboriginal land management and education. Planning for country. F. Walsh and P. Mitchell. Alice Springs, Jukurrpa Books: 142-147.

Gammage, B. (2011). The biggest estate on earth, Melbourne, Allen and Unwin.

Garnett, S. T. and B. Sithole (2007). Sustainable Northern Landscapes: Healthy Country, Healthy People. Canberra, Land and Water Australia, Research project number NTU7 of the Social and Institutional Research Program.

Gill, A. M. (2000). Fire-pulses in the heart of Australia: fire regimes and fire management in central Australia, Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, CSIRO Plant Industry.

Gill, A. M. and I. R. Noble (1989). Bibliography of fire ecology in Australia, Bushfire Council of New South Wales.

Gilligan, B. (2006). The Indigenous Protected Areas program – 2006 Evaluation. Canberra, Australian Government, Department of the Environment and Heritage.

Girringun Aboriginal Corporation (2007). Second National Indigenous Land and Sea Management Conference Program 9-12 October 2007. Cardwell, Girringun Aboriginal Corporation.

Golson, J. (1971). Australian Aboriginal food plants: some ecological and culture-historical implications. Aboriginal man and environment in Australia: 196-238.

Goodall, H. (2007). A history of Aboriginal communities in New South Wales, 1909-1939.

Gott, B. (1985). Plants Mentioned in Dawson’s Australian Aborigines. Artefact 10: 3-14.

Gott, B. (2008). Indigenous use of plants in south-eastern Australia. Telopea 12(2): 215-229.

Gott, B. and J. Conran (1991). Victorian Koorie Plants: Some plants used by Victorian Koories for food, fibre, medicines and implements, Yangennanock Women’s Group, Aboriginal Keeping Place.

Gould, R. A. (1971). Uses and effects of fire among the Western Desert Aborigines of Australia. Mankind 8(1): 14-24.

Green, D., J. Billy and A. Tapim (2010). Indigenous Australians’ knowledge of weather and climate. Climatic Change 100(2): 337-354.

Green, D. and G. Raygorodetsky (2010). Indigenous knowledge of a changing climate. Climatic Change 100(2): 239-242.

Green, N. (1988). Aboriginal affiliations with the sea in Western Australia. Traditional Knowledge of the Marine Environment in Northern Australia: Proceedings of a workshop. F. Gray and L. Zann. Townsville, Australia, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, pp: 19-29.

Greiner, R. (2010). Payments for environmental services (PES): contribution to Indigenous livelihoods. Environmental Economics and Investment Assessment Iii. K. Aravossis and C. A. Brebbia. Southampton, Wit Press. 131: 163-174.

Griffin, G. F. and G. E. Allan (1986). Fire and the management of Aboriginal owned lands in central Australia. Science and Technology for Aboriginal Development. B. D. Foran and B. Walker. Alice Springs, CSIRO and Centre for Appropriate Technology: 72-76.

Griffiths, S. and S. Kinnane (2010). Kimberley Aboriginal Caring for Country Plan, Kimberley Language Resource Centre, Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre, Kimberley Land Council and Kimberley Aboriginal Pastoralists Incorporated.

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Hajkowicz, S. (2009). The evolution of Australia’s natural resource management programs: Towards improved targeting and evaluation of investments. Land Use Policy 26(2): 471-478.

Hamlyn-Harris, R. and F. Smith (1916). On Fish Poisoning Poisons employed among the Aborigines of Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v 5: 1-9.

Haynes, C. D. (1991). Use and impact of fire. Monsoonal Australia. Landscape, Ecology and Man in the Northern Lowlands. C. D. Haynes, M. G. Ridpath and M. A. J. Williams. Rotterdam, AA Balkema Publishers: 61-71.

Head, L. (2000). Cultural landscapes and environmental change, Arnold London.

Head, L. (2000). Second nature: the history and implications of Australia as Aboriginal landscape, Syracuse University Press.

Healey, C. (2007). Some Indigenous Names for Australian Birds. Journal of Ethnobiology 27(1): 133-135.

Heckbert, S., J. Davies, G. D. Cook, J. G. McIvor, G. Bastin and A. Leidloff (2008). Land management for emissions offsets on Indigenous lands. Townsville, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.

Hiatt, L. R. and R. Jones (1988). Aboriginal conceptions of the workings of nature. Australian science in the making: 1-22.

Hiddins, L. J. (1999). Explore wild Australia with the bush tucker man. Ringwood, Vic., Penguin.

Hill, R., P. Griggs, Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunku Inc. (2000). Rainforests, Agriculture and Aboriginal Fire-Regimes in Wet Tropical Queensland, Australia. Australian Geographical Studies 38(1): 138-157.

Hill, R., G. Turpin, W. Canando, P. Standley, D. Crayn, S. Warne, K. Keith, E. Addicott and F. Zich (2011). Indigenous-driven tropical ethnobotany. Australasian Plant Conservation 19: 24-25.

Holcombe, S. (2010). Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and Natural Resources in the Northern Territory: Guidelines for Indigenous Ecological Knowledge Management. (Including Archiving and Repatriation) Natural Resources Management Board (NT).

Hope, G. and P. Coutts (1971). Past and present Aboriginal food resources at Wilsons Promontory, Victoria. Mankind 8(2): 104-114.

Horton, D. R. (1996). Aboriginal Australia wall map. Canberra, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz.

Howitt, A. W. (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia, Macmillan and Co., limited.

Hunt, J. (2012). North to south? People on Country, Vital landscapes, Indigenous futures. J. Altman and S. Kerins. Sydney, Federation Press: 94-118.

Hunt, J., J. Altman and K. May (2009). Social benefits of Aboriginal engagement in natural resource management. CAEPR Working Paper 60/2009. Canberra, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ANU. Working Paper 60: 108.

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IAD Press (2002). Central Australian Aboriginal languages – current distribution; A2 map. Alice Springs, Institute for Aboriginal Development.

Indigenous Protected Areas Unit (2007). Growing up Strong: The first 10 years of Indigenous Protected Areas in Australia. Canberra, Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Australian Government.

Irvine, F. (1957). Wild and Emergency Foods of Australian and Tasmanian Aborigines. Oceania: 113-142.

Isaacs, J. (1987). Bush food: Aboriginal food and herbal medicine. Lansdowne, The Rocks.

Jackson, S. and J. C. Altman (2009). Indigenous rights and water policy: perspectives from tropical Northern Australia. Australian Indigenous Law Review 13(1): 27-48.

Jackson, S. and J. Morrison (2007). Indigenous perspectives in water management, reforms and implementation. Managing water for Australia: the social and institutional challenges. K. Hussey and S. Dovers. Collingwood, CSIRO Publishing: 22-41.

Jackson, S., M. Storrs and J. Morrison (2005). Recognition of Aboriginal rights, interests and values in river research and management: perspectives from northern Australia. Ecological Management and Restoration 6(2): 107-110.

Kalotas, A. (1996). Aboriginal knowledge and use of fungi. Fungi of Australia 1: 269-298.

Kamminga, J. (1988). Wood artefacts: a checklist of plant species utilised by Australian Aborigines.  2: 26-55.

Kamminga, J. (2002). Australian Aboriginal timber quick search.

Kean, J., G. Richardson and N. Trueman (1988). Aboriginal Role in Nature Conservation. Emu conference. South Australian National parks and Wildlife Service and Department of Aboriginal Affairs.

Kearney, A. and J. J. Bradley (2009). ‘Too strong to ever not be there’: place names and emotional geographies. Social & Cultural Geography 10(1): 77-94.

Keen, I. (1984). Aboriginal tenure and use of the foreshore and seas: An anthropological evaluation of the northern territory legislation providing for the closure of seas adjacent to aboriginal land. Anthropological Forum, Taylor & Francis.

Keen, I. (1997). The Western Desert vs. the rest: Rethinking the contrast. Scholar and sceptic: Australian Aboriginal studies in honour of LR Hiatt: 65-93.

Keen, I. (2004). Aboriginal economy and society: at the threshold of colonisation, Oxford University Press.

Kefous, K. (1988). Butlin’s bootstraps: Aboriginal population in the pre-contact Murray-Darling region. Archaeology With Ethnography: An Australian Perspective: 225-237.

Kimber, R. (1983). Black lightning: Aborigines and fire in Central Australia and the Western Desert. Archaeology in Oceania 18(1): 38-45.

Kimber, R. G. (1984). Resource use and management in Central Australia.  2: 12-23.

Kingsley, J., D. Aldous, M. Townsend, R. Philips and C. Henderson-Wilson (2009). Investigating health, economic and socio-political factors that need consideration when establishing Victorian Aboriginal land management projects. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 16(2): 113-123.

Kohen, J. (1996). Aboriginal use of fire in south eastern Australia. Proceedings of Linnean Society of NSW 116: 19-26

Kohen, J. (1997). Aboriginal environmental impacts, University of New South Wales Press.

Kohen, J. (2003). Knowing country: Indigenous Australians and the land. Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures: 229.

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Lampert, R. J. (1969). Coastal Aborigines of south eastern Australia, ANU, Department of Anthropology and Sociology (Prehistory).

Lane, M. B. (2002). Buying back and caring for country: Institutional arrangements and possibilities for indigenous lands management in Australia. Society & Natural Resources 15(9): 827-846.

Lane, M. B., B. Taylor and C. J. Robinson (2009). Contested Country: Local and Regional Environmental Management in Australia. Canberra, Australia, CSIRO Publishing.

Lane, M. B. and L. Williams (2009). The Natural Heritage Trust and Indigenous Lands: the trials and tribulations of ‘new technologies of governance’ Australian Geographer 40(1): 85-107.

Langton, M. (2005). Indigenous issues in wildlife management. Old Ways, New Ways: Wildlife Management in Northern Australia. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Australasian Wildlife Management Society. J. Gorman, L. Petheram and T. Vigilante. Darwin, Charles Darwin University: 6-24.

Langton, M. and L. Palmer (2005). Community-Oriented Protected Areas for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities. Journnal of Political Ecology 12-50.

Lassak, E. V. and T. McCarthy (2008). Australian medicinal plants. Sydney, New Holland Publishers.

Latz, P. K. and J. Green (1995). Bushfires & bushtucker: Aboriginal plant use in Central Australia, IAD Press Alice Springs.

Latz, P. K. and G. M. Wightman (1995). Desert bush tucker identikit: common native food plants of central Australia. Darwin, Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory.

Laudine, C. (2009). Aboriginal environmental knowledge: Rational reverence, Ashgate Publishing.

Lewis, H. T. (1989). Ecological and technological knowledge of fire: Aborigines versus park rangers in Northern Australia. American Anthropologist 91(4): 940-961.

Lindenmayer, D. (2003). Indigenous land and fire management: a discussion summary. In: Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues. Cary, G., D. Lindenmayer and S. Dovers (Editors). Collingwood, Vic, CSIRO Publishing.

Low, T. (1989). Bush tucker: Australia’s wild food harvest. Sydney, Angus and Robertson.

Low, T. (1990). Bush medicine : a pharmacopoeia of natural remedies. North Ryde, N.S.W., Angus & Robertson.

Low, T. (1991). Wild food plants of Australia, Angus and Robertson.

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MacPherson, J. (1925). The gum-tree and wattle in Australian Aboriginal medical practice. Australian Nurses Journal 23(12): 588-596.

Maiden, J. H. (1889). The useful native plants of Australia. London, Trubner.

Markwell Consulting (2011). Workshop Summary Report Caring for our Country Review Indigenous Forum. Canberra, Held at the National Botanic Gardens, 4 May.

May, K. (2010). Government support for Indigenous cultural and natural resource management in Australia: the role of the Working on Country program. Australian Journal of Social Issues 45(3): 395-416.

May, K. (2010). Indigenous cultural and natural resource management and the emerging role of the Working on Country program. Canberra, ANU Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Working Paper No. 65/2010.

McConnell, K. and S. O’Connor (1997). 40,000 year record of food plants in the southern Kimberley Ranges, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 45: 20-31.

McGhee, K. (2006). Calendar plants mark time. Australian Geographic 82: 20.

McGregor, M. and C. James (2011). Livelihoods in desert Australia. Rangeland Journal 33(4): I-V.

Meagher, S. J. and W. D. L. Ride (1979). Use of natural resources by the Aborigines of south-western Australia. Aborigines of the West: Their Past and Their Present. R. a. C. Berndt. Perth, University of Western Australia Press: 66-80.

Memmott, P. (2007). A Regional Approach to Managing Aboriginal Land Title on Cape York. Customary Land Tenure and Registration in Australia and Papua New Guinea: Anthropological Perspectives. J. F. Weiner and K. Glaskin. Canberra, Australian National University e-press. Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph 3.

Memmott, P. and P. Blackwood (2008). Holding Title and Managing Land in Cape York – Two Case Studies. Canberra, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Research Discussion Paper.

Memmott, P. C. (2000). Aboriginal people-environment research: A brief overview of the last 25 years. People and Physical Environment Research: The Person-Environment and Cultural Heritage Journal of Australia and New Zealand: 87-115.

Moore, C. (1866). On the fibre plants of New South Wales. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales (1862-65): 204-209.

Moran, M. and R. Elvin (2009). Coping with complexity: Adaptive governance in desert Australia. GeoJournal.

Morgan Disney & Associates Pty. Ltd. (2006). Synopsis of the COAG Trial Evaluations. Canberra, Report to the Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination.

Morgan, M., L. Strelein and J. Weir (2004). Indigenous Rights to Water in the Murray Darling Basin In support of the Indigenous final report to the Living Murray Initiative, Native Title Research Unit, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies: 97.

Moxham, N. and P. Mitchell (2011). Indigenous Ecological Knowledge Program NT 2007-2010 Territory NRM Evaluation. Darwin, Australian Government and Territory Natural Resource Management.

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Nash, D. (1997). Comparative flora terminology of the central Northern Territory. Archaeology and Linguistics: Aboriginal Australia in Global Perspective, Oxford University Press, Melbourne: 187-206.

Nash, D. (2004). Aboriginal plant use in south-eastern Australia.

Nursey-Bray, M. and R. Hill (2010). Australian Indigenous Peoples and Biodiversity. Social Alternatives 29 (3): 13-19.

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